Mines to Markets
Sustainable Mine Site Validation
This project is helping to counter illegal activities such as child labor, violence and other human abuses at artisanal mine sites in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Through a validation process, the project verifies that no armed groups are present and that the mine has the legal authority to operate. This process is the first step to ensuring minerals are sourced responsibly and conflict-free, which contributes to broader peace and stability in the region.
Moyo Gemstones is an ethical gemstone program currently being piloted with female artisanal gem miners in Tanzania’s Umba Valley. The effort is building the first scalable, artisanal and small-scale mined colored stone sourcing program, to assure responsibly produced, ASM-mined rubies, sapphires, garnets and tourmaline, from mine to market. The program empowers women miners to work safely, mine better, improve financial security and create stable, equitable markets for fair trade.
In partnership with Pact's Mines to Markets program and innovation unit, Pact Ventures provided a forgivable grant investment to launch Moyo Gemstones. By developing an end-to-end solution leveraging traceability technologies, Pact aims to create pricing transparency and incentives for safe artisanal small-scale mining practices. Following its initial startup capital, Pact Ventures is exploring revenue generation models for long-term financial sustainability.
In addition to Pact, the program’s partners include the Tanzanian Women Miners Association (TAWOMA), Nineteen48, ANZA Gems and blockchain provider Everledger. Nzuri Moyo means "beautiful spirit" in Swahili. Learn more at moyogems.com.
Sustainable Development of Mining in Rwanda
Sustainable Development of Mining in Rwanda (SDMR) is a three-year technical assistance program funded by the UK government through the Department for International Development (DFID). The program is using a market systems development (M4P) approach to economically and sustainably grow Rwanda’s mining sector by fostering an increase in private sector investment and improving the livelihoods of small-scale miners and their communities. Cardno Emerging Markets (UK) Ltd has been contracted by DFID to manage SDMR. Pact is providing technical support. Learn more about SDMR here.
Watato Inje Ya Mungoti: Children Out of Mining
Since 2015, Pact's Children Out of Mining project has been working with local and international partners as well as private-sector companies to address child labor at DRC mine sites. With positive, collective action and an integrated package of interventions designed to address root causes, the project achieved a 97 percent reduction in the number of children working at project mine sites in the first two years. Children Out of Mining, also known as WIM, has included awareness raising and education and livelihoods and positive parenting skills development. The project has changed attitudes and norms about child labor, increased community awareness of children’s rights and improved the enforcement of bans on child labor. Recent additions to the project have included targeted interventions to support particularly vulnerable and older children, as well as the expanded use of Pact’s signature WORTH for Miners program, which provides literacy, numeracy, savings and financial skills to miners to increase mining families’ economic resources and potential. The project has also added local committees in key mining areas, training for local suppliers on international standards, and exchange visits with other mining communities addressing child labor.
This project has been made possible by the support of the GE Foundation, The Boeing Company, International Tin Association, Qualcomm, Microsoft, Google, the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Rocbelt, Hope Mining Cooperative, Children’s Voice, ARDERI, Trafigura Foundation, ERG and Dell.
Empowering Artisanal Gemstone Miners in Tanzania
Through this program of Pact and Gemological Institute of America, artisanal and small-scale miners are gaining critical new knowledge about rough gems that is empowering them to earn more. The Pact-GIA program began in 2016 with the pilot of a rough gem guide produced by GIA. Made specifically to give basic gemological and market knowledge to artisanal miners in gem-producing regions, Selecting Gem Rough explains the fundamentals of identifying, processing and valuing stones. It comes with hands-on training from an expert gemologist. This helps miners better understand the quality and value of their products, which improves their position in the supply chain and their economic development opportunities.
The artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector faces significant challenges in data availability and quality, which undermines the sector’s contribution to global development and perpetuates a widely held public narrative that ASM is dirty, chaotic and unavoidably linked to conflict and environmental and social harm. The World Bank and Pact are partnering with sector stakeholders to develop an unprecedented database that makes accurate, integrated data on artisanal and small-scale mining available online. The data platform is called Delve. The first version of the platform is set to go live in 2019. To learn more or sign up to partner with the initiative, visit the program’s webpage at www.delvedatabase.org.
In Colombia's Bajo Cauca and South Bolivar regions, where gold mining is a critical livelihood, Pact leads the Pilares project in partnership with the Alliance for Responsible Mining (ARM) to improve capacities of civil society to better understand and address child labor and promote acceptable conditions of work in the artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector. Through a collective impact approach, Pact enables the development of a flourishing system of interconnected civil society actors and supports actions for the rights of children and workers.
ITA Tin Supply Chain Initiative (ITSCI)
Pact leads field implementation for the International Tin Association’s tin supply chain initiative (ITSCI), the region’s only internationally accepted, operational due diligence mechanism and mineral traceability system for the 3T minerals -- tungsten, tin and tantalum. The system monitors minerals from the point of extraction at mines sites to smelters, where minerals are processed for use in electronics and other everyday devices. Pact conducts mine baseline studies to assess when sites are able to enter the system and supports governments in implementing the mineral tracking system. We also ensure that international guidance for ‘conflict free’ minerals is respected, including no human rights abuses, child labor, armed conflict or corruption. Pact records incidents when they arise and facilitates their resolution. The system allows tens of thousands of miners to earn a dignified living and build a better future for themselves and their families.
Zimbabwe Accountability and Artisanal Mining Program
This project is increasing cooperation between small-scale and industrial miners in Zimbabwe and formalizing production and trade of gold by the country’s estimated 500,000 artisanal miners. The project focuses on gold mining sites in the areas of Shurugwi, Gwanda and Kwekwe, working to improve operational, safety and environmental standards. In an extensive 2014 baseline study, Pact found that the use of mercury in artisanal mining in Zimbabwe is widespread. In response and in line with the Minimata Convention on Mercury, Pact is partnering with Zimbabwe's government to develop an inventory of mercury use and a national action plan for mercury reduction. Pact is also informing policymaking, working with the government to increase the contribution of gold to Zimbabwe’s economy and development.
Since 2013, Somos Tesoro—We are Treasure—has worked to strategically reduce child labor in mining areas and improve health and safety in artisanal and small-scale mines. With its local partners, Alliance for Responsible Mining, Fondo Acción and Fundación Mi Sangre, Pact is using an integrated approach, addressing the many factors that lead to child labor, including economic instability, challenges in implementing public policies favoring child protection, and a lack of quality education in rural mining areas. The project focuses on two geographic areas where families rely on mining for their livelihoods: the coal mining communities of Boyacá and the gold mining communities of Antioquia. Somos Tesoro has decreased the numbers of children working in mines and has benefited 4,300 households and 13,000 children. In addition to benefitting children and families vulnerable to child labor, the program is helping adult miners, teachers, educational institutions and local government. Somos Tesoro is working to strengthen schools, promote greater economic stability in mining families, apply labor and mining health and safety standards, strengthen child protection policies and formalize artisanal mining in the two mining regions. The project has developed a comprehensive livelihoods program, including savings and microfinance and increased opportunities to generate income and assets. Learn more at somostesoro.org.