Mining

Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

Contacts

Cristina Villegas

director, mines to markets
cvillegas@pactworld.org

Sustainable Mine Site Validation

Country: Democratic Republic of Congo
Funder: USAID

This project is helping to counter illegal activities such as child labor, violence and other human abuses at artisanal mine sites in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Through a validation process, the project verifies that no armed groups are present and that the mine has the legal authority to operate. This process is the first step to ensuring minerals are sourced responsibly and conflict-free, which contributes to broader peace and stability in the region.

Moyo Gemstones

Country: Kenya, Tanzania
Funder: World Bank and Pact

Moyo Gemstones is an ethical gemstone program with female artisanal gem miners in Tanzania’s Umba Valley and beyond. The effort is building the first scalable, artisanal and small-scale mined colored stone sourcing program, to assure responsibly produced, ASM-mined rubies, sapphires, garnets and tourmaline, from mine to market. The program empowers women miners to work safely, mine better, improve financial security and create stable, equitable markets for fair trade. In addition to Pact, the program’s partners include the Tanzanian Women Miners Association (TAWOMA), Nineteen48, ANZA Gems and blockchain provider Everledger. Moyo means "heart" in Swahili. Learn more at moyogems.com.

Empowering Artisanal Gemstone Miners in Tanzania

Country: Tanzania
Funder: Gemological Institute of America

Through this program of Pact and Gemological Institute of America, artisanal and small-scale miners are gaining critical new knowledge about rough gems that is empowering them to earn more. The Pact-GIA program began in 2016 with the pilot of a rough gem guide produced by GIA. Made specifically to give basic gemological and market knowledge to artisanal miners in gem-producing regions, Selecting Gem Rough explains the fundamentals of identifying, processing and valuing stones. It comes with hands-on training from an expert gemologist. This helps miners better understand the quality and value of their products, which improves their position in the supply chain and their economic development opportunities.

Delve

Funder: World Bank and Pact

The artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector faces significant challenges in data availability and quality, which undermines the sector’s contribution to global development and perpetuates a widely held public narrative that ASM is dirty, chaotic and unavoidably linked to conflict and environmental and social harm. The World Bank and Pact are partnering with sector stakeholders to develop an unprecedented database that makes accurate, integrated data on artisanal and small-scale mining available online. The data platform is called Delve. The first version of the platform is set to go live in 2019. To learn more or sign up to partner with the initiative, visit the program’s webpage at www.delvedatabase.org.

Pilares

Country: Colombia
Funder: U.S. Department of Labor

In Colombia's Bajo Cauca and South Bolivar regions, where gold mining is a critical livelihood, Pact leads the Pilares project in partnership with the Alliance for Responsible Mining (ARM) to improve capacities of civil society to better understand and address child labor and promote acceptable conditions of work in the artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector. Through a collective impact approach, Pact enables the development of a flourishing system of interconnected civil society actors and supports actions for the rights of children and workers.

ITA Tin Supply Chain Initiative (ITSCI)

Country: Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda
Funder: ITA

Pact leads field implementation for the International Tin Association’s tin supply chain initiative (ITSCI), the region’s only internationally accepted, operational due diligence mechanism and mineral traceability system for the 3T minerals -- tungsten, tin and tantalum. The system monitors minerals from the point of extraction at mines sites to smelters, where minerals are processed for use in electronics and other everyday devices. Pact conducts mine baseline studies to assess when sites are able to enter the system and supports governments in implementing the mineral tracking system. We also ensure that international guidance for ‘conflict free’ minerals is respected, including no human rights abuses, child labor, armed conflict or corruption. Pact records incidents when they arise and facilitates their resolution. The system allows tens of thousands of miners to earn a dignified living and build a better future for themselves and their families. 

Zimbabwe Accountability and Artisanal Mining Program

Country: Zimbabwe
Funder: FCDO

This project is increasing cooperation between small-scale and industrial miners in Zimbabwe and formalizing production and trade of gold by the country’s estimated 500,000 artisanal miners. The project focuses on gold mining sites in the areas of Shurugwi, Gwanda and Kwekwe, working to improve operational, safety and environmental standards. In an extensive 2014 baseline study, Pact found that the use of mercury in artisanal mining in Zimbabwe is widespread. In response and in line with the Minimata Convention on Mercury, Pact is partnering with Zimbabwe's government to develop an inventory of mercury use and a national action plan for mercury reduction. Pact is also informing policymaking, working with the government to increase the contribution of gold to Zimbabwe’s economy and development.

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