Natural resource management
people that benefited from improved natural resource management in 2017
Hay Tao, the U.S. government’s largest environmental investment in Madagascar in nearly a decade, is a five-year project that is building the enabling environment for effective community-based management and protection of biodiversity resources in Madagascar. Meaning ‘Know How’ in Malagasy, Hay Tao focuses on empowering local communities to lead the way in the management of their natural resources. The project is using a systems approach to improve the enabling environment for effective, lasting community-based wildlife management and conservation of biodiversity. Hay Tao builds on the multi-stakeholder engagement model developed by Pact and USAID in the recent Mekong Partnership for the Environment project, and is leveraging a state-of-the-art data portal. Pact leads a group of international partners in implementing Hay Tao, including World Resources Institute (WRI) and the University of Rhode Island’s Coastal Resource Center (URI-CRC), alongside two national civil society networks, Alliance Voahary Gasy (AVG) and Solidarité des Intervenants sur le Foncier (SIF).
Ahlin Yaung Renewable Energy Program
The Ahlin Yaung (“light” in Myanmar language) Project is working to provide renewable energy access to 1 million low-income people in rural Myanmar by 2021. Myanmar has one of the lowest electrification rates in Asia, with the national electricity grid reaching only a small part of the population, mostly in urban areas. Ahlin Yaung uses Pact’s Village Development Committees (VDCs) and WORTH savings groups to manage the program at the community level. VDCs, through community-managed revolving funds, provide funding for households to purchase photovoltaic equipment on hire-purchase. WORTH groups manage community solar charging stations, which charge special batteries for household lighting and mobile device charging, to distribute electricity to communities. Both the revolving fund and WORTH group models generate interest and income for other village development activities. Ahlin Yaung also provides funding to villages to purchase photovoltaic equipment at the community level.
The Lower Mekong Initiative
The Lower Mekong Initiative serves as a platform to address transnational development challenges. In order to effectively coalesce around this purpose, LMI stakeholders must ensure that governments in the region have capacity to meet development challenges, with technical tools and networks to agree upon sustainable solutions and approaches. This effort will help build the relevance of the LMI by growing trust between the U.S. government and government ministries in the region. This project is strengthening the ability of Lower Mekong governments to understand and manage shared natural resources, improve joint planning and coordination and deploy new technologies, approaches and methodologies concerning sustainable development, natural resources conservation and management and climate change.
The Fisheries Integration of Society and Habitats (FISH) project is increasing social, ecological, and economic resilience to climate change and improving biodiversity conservation through sustainable fisheries co-management. The project's Pact-led consortium is enabling communities and local government to protect four of Malawi’s main lakes, which contribute significantly to the health of the country and its people. Caring for these ecosystems improves the lives of tens of thousands of households that rely on the lakes for nutrition and income. FISH is catalyzing transformational and lasting change in the management of Malawi’s fisheries.
USAID Green Invest Asia
USAID Green Invest Asia operates across Southeast Asia, with an initial focus on Vietnam, Indonesia, Cambodia and the Philippines. The project is catalyzing private sector finance to upscale and drive investments in agriculture, forestry, and other land use toward low emissions, yet profitable business models. USAID Green Invest Asia identifies and develops promising climate-smart business deals with solid profit potential for investors. The project engages with financial institutions and investors to link them to pipeline opportunities and bridge financial and technical gaps necessary to overcome barriers to investment in businesses that are environmentally and socially responsible. It provides direct technical services to enterprises desiring to "green" their supply chains and assists in structuring corresponding financial deals to reduce investor risk. USAID Green Invest Asia is implemented by Pact, with partners MSP and Control Union.
This project is supporting Congo's effort to develop a national framework for artisanal and small-scale mining. In addition to helping the country's government to finalize a national strategy and policy for artisanal mining, Pact is building the capacity of the government to carry out the strategy. The specific agency that Pact is strengthening is Congo's Service d’Assistance et d’Encadrement due Small Scale Mining. The project also includes the creation of a national database of artisanal and small-scale mining information. Pact is partnering with the UK-based consulting firm Estelle Levin Ltd. and a Belgian organization, the International Peace Information Service.
Central Africa Forest Ecosystem Conservation (CAFEC)
This project is using community-based natural resource management and the development of alternative, sustainable livelihoods in forest communities to preserve the humid forest ecosystems of the Congo Basin near Salonga Park.
ITA Tin Supply Chain Initiative (ITSCI)
Pact leads field implementation for the International Tin Association’s tin supply chain initiative (ITSCI), the region’s only internationally accepted, operational due diligence mechanism and mineral traceability system for the 3T minerals -- tungsten, tin and tantalum. The system monitors minerals from the point of extraction at mines sites to smelters, where minerals are processed for use in electronics and other everyday devices. Pact conducts mine baseline studies to assess when sites are able to enter the system and supports governments in implementing the mineral tracking system. We also ensure that international guidance for ‘conflict free’ minerals is respected, including no human rights abuses, child labor, armed conflict or corruption. Pact records incidents when they arise and facilitates their resolution. The system allows tens of thousands of miners to earn a dignified living and build a better future for themselves and their families.
Forest Incomes for Environmental Sustainability
The Forest Incomes for Environmental Sustainability project is developing key rural forest-based enterprises that provide sustainable economic opportunities for rural farmers and forest-dependent communities while also stemming deforestation and biodiversity loss. The project is strengthening forest value chains, establishing legal and management frameworks for forest enterprises, and building the forest-management capacity of local organizations.
Coming Together for Forests
This project is promoting human rights and ensuring that citizens and local communities fairly benefit from Cambodia's forest resources. Specifically, the project is building a nationwide, grassroots-led network of forest communities and helping them to better advocate for themselves as development threatens to push families off land on which they depend.